Cronologia do AIKIDO

Veja abaixo os principais fatos da vida de Morihei Ueshiba e em que época elas aconteceram.

Aikido History | OGI Aikido. Abridged from Encyclopedia of Aikido (Stanley Pranin, Aiki News/Aikido Journal)

Cronologia da vida de Morihei Ueshiba

1883 Morihei Ueshiba nasce no dia 14 de dezembro em Tanabe, Kishu (Prefeitura de Wakayama)
1890 Inicia sua alfabetização num Templo do Budismo Shingon
1900 Muda-se para Tokyo em Setembro, abre um comércio de papelaria e materiais de escritório
1901 Briefly studies Tenjin Shin'yo-ryu Jujutsu
1903 Marries Hatsu Itogawa, a distant relative, in Tanabe Joins 61st Army Infantry Regiment of Wakayama, late December
1905 Departs for Manchurian Front (Russo-Japanese War)
1906 Discharged from army, returns to Tanabe
1908 Receives certificate from Yagyu-ryu Jujutsu
1910 Travels to Hokkaido
1911 First daugher born (Matsuko)
1912 Leads settlers from Kishu to Hokkaido (Aza-Shirataki, Kamiyubetsu villege, Mombetsu County)
1915 Meets Sokaku Takeda (Daito-ryu jujitsu) at Hisada Inn in Engaru
1917 First son born (Takemori), July
1918 Serves as town councilman in Kamiyubetsu village, June 1918-April 1919
1919 Leaves Hokkaido in December due to father's illness Turns land and property over to Sokaku Takeda
1920 Meets Onisaburo Deguchi of Omoto religion in Ayabe, Kyoto Prefecture Father (Yoroku) dies in January Returns to Tanabe Moves with family to Ayabe (site of Omoto religion) Builds "Ueshiba Juku" dojo Second son born (Kuniharu), August First son dies (Takemori), August Second son dies (Kuniharu), September
1921 Third son born (Kisshomaru - birth name Koetsu), June
1922 Mother (Yuki) dies Sokaku Takeda visits Ayabe along with family to teach, staying from circa April 28 to September 15 Receives "kyoji dairi" (teaching assistant) certificate from Takeda (September)
1924 Goes to Mongolia with Onisaburo Deguchi with goal of establishing a utopian community. (February to July) The party, led by Onisaburo Deguchi, including Ueshiba, is captured and held prisoner by the Chinese military for plotting the overthrow of the existing government. Released after short period of internment through intervention of Japanese consulate and returned to Japan.
1925 Gives demonstration in Tokyo for former Prime Minister Gombei Yamamoto at Isamu Takeshita's residence First vision
1927 Moves to Tokyo with entire family Establishes temporary dojo in billiard room of Count Shimazu's mansion in Shiba, Shirogane in Sarumachi
1928 Moves to Shiba, Tsunamachi, site of temporary dojo
1929 Moves with family to Shiba, Kuruma-cho, sets up temporary dojo
1930 Moves to Shimo-Ochiai in Mejiro Jigoro Kano of Judo observes demonstration by Ueshiba in Mejiro dojo and dispatches several students from Kodokan, including Minoru Mochizuki, to study
1931 Dedication of Kobukan dojo in Ushigome, Wakamatsu-cho
1932 Budo Sen'yokai (Society for the Promotion of Martial Arts) is established with Ueshiba as its first head
1933 Technical manual "Budo Renshu" published
1935 Film documentary of Aikido Budo made by Asahi Newspaper Company in Osaka. Only known pre-war film of Morihei Ueshiba (Available from Aikido Journal)
1937 Ueshiba's name appears in enrollment book of Kashima Shinto-Ryu
1938 Technical manual "Budo" published
1939 Invited to instruct in Manchuria
1940 Attends martial arts demonstration in Manchuria commemorating 2600th anniversary of Japan Second Vision
1941 Gives demonstration at Sainenkan dojo on imperial grounds for members of the imperial family Teaches at military police academy Invited to Manchuria to instruct during University Martial Arts week Becomes martial arts advisor for Shimbuden and Kenkoku universities in Manuchuria
1942 Name "Aikido" becomes official and is registered with Ministry of Education Invited to Manchuria as representative of Japanese martial arts to attend Manchuria-Japanese Exchange Martial Arts demonstrations in commemoration of 10th anniversary of Manchurian Independence (August) Moves to Iwama, Ibaraki Prefecture Kisshomaru Ueshiba becomes Director of Kobukai Foundation Third vision.
1943 Aiki Shrine built in Iwama
1945 Kobukai Foundation ceases activity due to post-war ban on martial arts Iwama dojo completed
1948 Hombu Dojo moves to Iwama, office opened in Tokyo Kisshomaru Ueshiba becomes Director of Aikikai Foundation
1949 Regular practice resumes at Tokyo dojo
1955 To Osaka for several weeks to instruct in dojo of Bansen Tanaka
1956 Hombu Dojo moves back to Tokyo from Iwama Several foreign ambassadors invited to public exhibition
1958 U.S. television documentary "Rendezvous with Adventure" filmed (Available from Aikido Journal)
1960 Receives Medal of Honor with Purple Ribbon from Japanese government
1961 Invited to Hawaii by Hawaii Aikikai (February) Television documentary made by NHK company (Available from Aikido Journal) All-Japan Student Aikido Federation established with Ueshiba as president
1963 First All-Japan Aikido Demonstration (October)
1964 Receives Order of the Rising Sun, 4th Class, as Founder of Aikido
1968 New Hombu Dojo building completed
1969 Gives final demonstration January 15 at Kagami Biraki celebration Dies April 26 Ashes buried at Kozanji, Tanabe Hair preserved at Iwama, Kumano Dojo, Ayabe and Aikikai Hombu Dojo Made honorary citizen of Tanabe and Iwama Wife, Hatsu, dies in June
Aikido History | OGI Aikido
Abridged from Encyclopedia of Aikido (Stanley Pranin, Aiki News/Aikido Journal)